Pracovný pohovor v angličtine | 2. časť

V druhej časti článku: Pracovný pohovor v angličtine sa podrobnejšie venujeme priebehu pracovného pohovoru. Mnoho firiem, ktoré vyžadujú anglický jazyk vedú pracovný pohovor výhradne v anglickom jazyku, preto je v ňom tento krát článok aj písaný.

Radi by sme Vám poskytli náhľad na to, akou formou bývajú pracovné pohovory vedené a aká je ich zvyčajná štruktúra. Na konci nájdete ako zvyčajne slovnú zásobu k danej téme.

Job Interview

First part of an interview typically consists of reviewing information, that you provided in your CV. You will be asked to talk about yourself, your education and previous work experience. Based on that, the interviewing manager concludes appropriate type of questions to be asked. Make sure what you say corresponds with what is written in your CV.

For example, if you worked at customer services, you will be asked about your contact with clients, customer complaints resolution etc. While for example a web developer will be required to present his portfolio. Therefore it is very important to provide truthful and accurate information in your CV.

Apart from facts stated in your CV, employers tend to focus on any time gaps between jobs and ask you to explain them. Maybe you were taking time off to travel or it took you longer to find a job that you like, think about the reason before the interview. Staying silent when asked a quesion doesnt give a good impression.

General questions

What do you consider to be your biggest achievment and why?

Do not be shy to emphasise your skills and achievements at the interview. A good example is how you overame your fears or turned your weakness into a strenght. For example, if you were afraid to present in front of a larger audience and you managed to give an important presentation, do not hesitate to talk about it How do you cope with stress?

The best way to demonstrate this is via using an example from your previous work place. If you dont have any, you can use an example from your studies. You can talk about dealing with a  difficult customer or handling an official customer complaint. Generally, anything that was outside you comfort zone.

How did you handle conflict within a team?

Think of a situation from your previous job, such as co-worker who wasnt doing a fair share of work or disagreement with your supervisor. If you didnt experience such a situation in the past, think about how you would approach it in case it happened. This question provides an insight, whether you will be a good fit to the team.

Describe a situation which you think you didnt handle correctly and explain what you would do differently.

It is very important for employers to see ,that you are able to learn from your own mistakes or that you cope well with constructive feedback.

What inspires and motivates you in a job?

You can use various examples such as self improvement in both, personal as well as professional sphere, learning possibilies,  atmoshpere at a workplace, team events as a way to strenghten relationships in the team and to improve cooperation etc. It is however not recommended to immediately mention financial compensation /salary, financial or non financial bonuses/.

What could possibly be a reason for you to quit your job?

Employers usually ask this question to find out what is important for their future employees and what they can do to keep employee satisfaction.  Its understandable that bad relationship at a workplace or zero possibilities for career growth make people frustrated, feel free to mention them. However, talking about salary increase right away is not recommended.

What do you consider to be the most appealing about this position?

Its important that you are well familiar with the job description. Employers want to see that you do not apply for just any job, but you have certain motivations for this particular position.What are your salary expectations?

The best way to estimate your salary is to do a little market research in order to set realistic expectations. In Slovakia, we talk about the amount before tax , however in some countries it is typical to provide numbers after tax.

Where do you see yourself in 5 years?

Interviewing manager would like to see your career aspirations.  It is to your advantage to have a certain vision, as it makes you look more confident and ambitious.

 

At the end you will be allowed some time to ask the interviewing manager questions. Please note, that the nature of questions you ask, gives the emoployer additional information about you. Not asking any questions could be interpreted as low interest. On the other hand, asking too many questions may not be possible due to limited time managers have set for each candidate.

Recommended questions:

  • Could you describe a typical day in the office?
  • What does education plan for newcomers look like?
  • How long does it take to start working independently/How long does education process last?
  • Is there a dress code?

 

Such questions show genuine interest in the job and company culture.

Vocabulary

interviewing manager – manažer

apart from – okrem

tend to /focus/ – mať vo zvyku /sa zamerať/

time gap – časová medzera

emphasise – zdôrazniť

to overcome – prekonať

strenght – silná stránka

weakness – slabá stránka

do not hesitate – neváhajte

to deal with a difficult customer – jednať s náročným klientom

to handle an official customer complaint – vybavovať zákaznícku stažnosť

to provide an insight – poskytnúť prehľad

to be a good fit – byť vhodný

to cope with – vyrovnať sa

constructive feedback – konštruktívna spätná väzba

to apply for a job – uchádzať sa o zamestnanie

before tax – pred zdanením

after tax – po zdanení

financial compensation – finančná kompenzácia

bonuses – bonusy

market research – prieskum trhu

career aspirations – kariérne ašpirácie

It is to your advantage – je vo váš prospech

to allow some time – vyhradiť nejaký čas

nature of questions – druh, typ otázok

additional information – dodatočné informácie

on the other hand – na druhej strane

education plan – vzdelávací plan alebo zaúčanie na pozíciu

newcomers – nový zamestnanci

to estimate – odhadnúť

to correspond with – zodpovedať

company culuture – firemná kultúra

low interest – nedostatočný záujem